Multiplication and Division

Multiplication and Division is the next step up from addition and subtraction, and should be taught with a graduated spiral approach throughout the elementary school years. Both concepts can and should be introduced together, as early as second grade.

Multiplication and Division

The topics of Multiplication and Division should be taught in stages – starting with a conceptual understanding of the operations, then learning the multiplication tables in three stages, multi-digital multiplication, division, remainder and regrouping, and finally application to word problems and higher order numbers.

Related Posts

Online Parent Workshop – Using Bar Models and Visualization to Solve Word Problems

Online Parent Workshop – Using Bar Models and Visualization to Solve Word Problems

In this Zoom workshop, we will discuss the different ways students can use…

What are the Values of these Chess Pieces

What are the Values of these Chess Pieces?

Lately, we are seeing more questions of this nature. In the above picture,…

Area and Perimeter When You Cut Off A Piece From A 2D Shape

When You Cut Off A Piece From A 2D Shape, Does The Area And Perimeter Decrease, Increase Or Stay The Same?

Area and Perimeter are two basic properties of 2-Dimensional shapes, and is often…

Since Cosine Tangent in the Four Quadrants

Sine, Cosine and Tangent in the Four Quadrants

Remember this picture? We used it to remember the signs of the three…

Connecting the Dots

Connecting the Dots

Happy Snowy Halloween! Here in Boston, we just had our first snow of…

online math classes

Online Math Classes

Here’s an email we sent out to our subscribers this week about live…

Join our membership program. Start your Free Trial!

singapore math resources

Our full-year Singapore math resources are aligned with major Singapore based textbooks, such as Math in Focus, Primary Mathematics etc. These resources, including lesson plans, videos, worksheets and more, are available for unlimited access (all grades) in our membership program.

Teaching Multiplication and Division

Students start to learn about multiplication and division in second grade. Before building up fluency in multiplication tables, students should first understand the concepts of multiplication and division. To this end, we use pictorial representation to help with understanding, e.g.

  • Finding the total number of objects arranged in rectangular arrays with up to 5 rows and up to 5 columns, using sequential addition.
  • Learn about the complementary task of division where we have a total and we want to break it up into groups. For the same division equation, there can be two different interpretation.
  • Understand the difference between odd and even numbers, and that groups with even number of items can be divided into two equal groups.

Once these basic concepts are understood, multiplication tables are introduced in three stages:

  • 2, 5 and 10
  • 3 and 4
  • 6, 7, 8 and 9

Next, we would extend these concepts to multiplying multi-digit numbers and introduce basic division – first without remainder, then with remainder. Also division with regrouping is introduced.

Finally, when students are fluent in the two operations, we would apply them to word problems with the help of bar models. In addition, we would also expand our skills to higher order numbers with more digits and thus more practice with regrouping.

Free Worksheets

Join our mailing lists to get a set of unique Singapore math cheatsheets!

Join our membership to get all our math resources for grades 1 to 5

Scroll to Top